The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea. By BC, when the League's treasury was transferred to Athens, the alliance had become an empire in all but name.
Visit Website Abandoning its countryside to Spartan invaders B.
Sparta found its old strategy of ravaging cropland discomfortingly ineffective: With stalemate in Attica, both belligerents turned to a variety of secondary theaters throughout the Aegean world and Asia Minor, as Sparta tried to turn Athenian subjects, and Athens in turn sowed insurrection among the Helots.
In these latter proxy wars, Athens used hoplites in combined maritime operations, whereas Sparta and its allies in time developed a competent fleet: Instead, mercenaries, lightly armed skirmishers, sailors, and siege engineers filled that void. Strategy became prominent for the first time in Greek warfare, as the Athenians made mostly inconsequential probes in and around the Peloponnesus.
Their greatest success was the occupation of Pylos off the coast of the Peloponnesus B.
The subsequent failure of Sparta to reduce Athens in the first decade of the war led to a brief peace B. But soon the Athenians intervened in the Peloponnesus B. The folly of that aggressive policy culminated in the disastrous expedition to Sicily B. Sparta now systematically garrisoned Attica with a permanent fort at Decelea B.
Unable to replace the manpower losses from the plague and the disaster at Sicily, the Athenian army and navy were routinely now outnumbered by the combined alliance of Sparta, Thebes, and Syracuse.
Persian subsidies to this Peloponnesus-led coalition for the first time surpassed the financial reserves of Athens. After the final Athenian sea defeat off Aegospotami, the Long Walls down to the Piraeus were razed, and a Spartan garrison occupied the city.
Nearly three decades of constant fighting left Athens bankrupt, exhausted, and demoralized. But Sparta and its allies were in no position to maintain an even harsher military hegemony over Greece.
In the detritus of the Peloponnesian War, the agrarian fighting of the old polis was ended. Warfare now meant expansion of conflict onto a variety of costly and deadly new horizons, where past protocol meant little.
The Greek genius was freed to apply capital, technology, and manpower to war without ethical restraint, but in the process the old idea of a city-state was lost. Edited by Robert Cowley and Geoffrey Parker.The Peloponnesian War was fought between the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta.
It lasted from BC to BC. It lasted from BC to BC. Athens ended up losing the war, bringing an end to the golden age of Ancient Greece. The Peloponnesian War was fought between the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta. It lasted from BC to BC. It lasted from BC to BC. Athens ended up losing the war, bringing an end to the golden age of Ancient Greece.
Aug 21, · Watch video · Athens and Sparta, both powerful Greek city-states, had fought as allies in the Greco-Persian Wars between and B.C. In the wake of the Persian retreat, however, Athens grew more powerful. The Ancient Peloponnesian War Between Sparta & Athens.
Athens and Sparta were the two Greek superpowers during 5th century. Due to the growing power of Athens, Spartan waged a war against it that was called Peloponnesian War.
The Peloponnesian War is the name given to the long series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lasted from until BC.
The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as. War Between Athens and Sparta. Athens and Sparta were two rival city-states, while the latter had very well trained military and soldiers, the former boasted of a good navy.