Apart from a few years spent in Johannesburg studying music at the University of the Witwatersrand Mohapeloa spent most of his life in Morija, where he worked in the Morija Printing Works and composed and trained choirs. After he retired in he taught music at the National Teacher Training College in Maseru until his death. He created a modern African choral idiom inspired by traditional Basotho music, jazz, western classical music and hymns.
Though there is archaeological evidence that societies have been living in Nigeria for more than twenty-five hundred years, the borders of modern Nigeria were not created until the British consolidated their colonial power over the area in The name Nigeria was suggested by British journalist Flora Shaw in the s.
She referred to the area as Nigeria, after the Niger River, which dominates much of the country's landscape. The word niger is Latin for black. More than ethnic tribes call present-day Nigeria home.
The three largest and most dominant ethnic groups are the Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo pronounced ee-bo. Prior to their conquest by Europeans, these ethnic groups had separate and independent histories.
Their grouping together into a single entity known as Nigeria was a construct of their British colonizers. These various ethnic groups never considered themselves part of the same culture.
This general lack of Nigerian nationalism coupled with an ever-changing and often ethnically biased national leadership, have led to severe internal ethnic conflicts and a civil war. Today bloody confrontations between or among members of different ethnic groups continue.
Nigeria is in West Africa, along the eastern coast of the Gulf of Guinea, and just north of the equator. It is bordered on the west by Benin, on the north by Niger and Chad, and on the east by Cameroon.
Nigeria covers an area ofsquare milessquare kilometersor about twice the size of California. Nigeria has three main environmental regions: These environmental regions greatly affect the cultures of the people who live there.
The dry, open grasslands of the savanna make cereal farming and herding a way of life for the Hausa and the Fulani. The wet tropical forests to the south are good for farming fruits and vegetables—main income producers for the Yoruba, Igbo, and others in this area.
The small ethnic groups living along the coast, such as the Ijaw and the Kalabari, are forced to keep their villages small due to lack of dry land. Living among creeks, lagoons, and salt marshes makes fishing and the salt trade part of everyday life in the area. The Niger and Benue Rivers come together in the center of the country, creating a "Y" that splits Nigeria into three separate sections.
In general, this "Y" marks the boundaries of the three major ethnic groups, with the Hausa in the north, the Yoruba in the southwest, and the Igbo in the southeast.
Politically, Nigeria is divided into thirty-six states. The nation's capital was moved from Lagos, the country's largest city, to Abuja on 12 December Abuja is in a federal territory that is not part of any state.
While Abuja is the official capital, its lack of adequate infrastructure means that Lagos remains the financial, commercial, and diplomatic center of the country. Nigeria has the largest population of any African country.
In JulyNigeria's population was estimated at more than million people. At about people per square mile, it is also the most densely populated country in Africa. Nearly one in six Africans is a Nigerian.
The Nigerian population is very young. Nearly 45 percent of its people are under age fourteen. With regard to ethnic breakdown, the Hausa-Fulani make up 29 percent of the population, followed by the Yoruba with 21 percent, the Igbo with Nigeria 18 percent, the Ijaw with 10 percent, the Kanuri with 4 percent, the Ibibio with 3.
English is the official language of Nigeria, used in all government interactions and in state-run schools. In a country with more than individual tribal languages, English is the only language common to most people.
Unofficially, the country's second language is Hausa. In northern Nigeria many people who are not ethnic Hausas speak both Hausa and their own tribal language.In the novel by Chinua Achebe, “Things Fall Apart", the reader encounters the Igbo people at a watershed moment in their history and culture.
The incursion of the colonizing force is changing or threatening to change almost every aspect of their society: religion, family structure, gender roles and relations, and trade, to name just a few. Achebe strived to illustrate the otherside of a similar story.
Brief Summary "Things Fall Apart tells two intertwining stories, both centering on Okonkwo, a “strong man” of an Ibo village in Nigeria. The first, a powerful fable of the immemorial conflict between the individual and society, traces Okonkwo’s fall from grace with the tribal world.
Achebe’s education in English and exposure to European customs have allowed him to capture both the European and the African perspectives on colonial expansion, religion, race, and culture. His decision to write Things Fall Apart in English is an important one.
Achebe wanted this novel to respond to earlier colonial accounts of Africa; his choice of language was thus political. Clarke's Bookshop (established in ) is situated in Cape Town, South Africa and carries both new and second hand books on Southern Africa. Chinua Achebe is one of Africa's most well-known and influential contemporary writers.
His first novel, Things Fall Apart, is an early narrative about the European colonization of Africa told from the point of view of the colonized people. Published in , the novel recounts the life of the.
Things Fall Apart Language and Literature Things fall apart is a novel written by Chinua Achebe. It is set during the late 19th, early 20th century in a small village named Umuofia situated in Nigeria.