Islamists often identify what they see as a historical struggle between Christianity and Islamdating back as far as the Crusadesamong other historical conflicts between practitioners of the two respective religions.
NADEO has given permission for this edited version to appear here. Islam is the second largest of the religious traditions in the world. It has over one billion adherents. While the Islamic world includes Muslim countries stretching from North Africa to Southeast Asia, significant numbers of Muslims may be found throughout the entire world.
Historically, Islam is often viewed as a religious tradition which originated in seventh century Arabia with the prophet Muhammad and the divine revelation which he received from God that is recorded in the Quran.
However, it is most important to realize that Muslims do not view Islam as a new religion. Therefore, Jews, Christians, and Muslims are all followers of the same living God—cousins in a common family with a common ancestor, The origin of islam and islamic beliefs.
Muslims believe that the Quran is the final and complete revelation of God to all people. The central fact of the Muslim religious experience is Allah. The God of the Quran is one and transcendent, creator and sustainer of the universe, and the overwhelming concern of the believer.
The word "Islam" means "submission;" a Muslim is one who submits to God, one who is a servant of God. This is not a mere passivity; rather, it is submission to the Divine Will, a duty to realize actively God's will in history.
Thus, the Quran teaches that God has given the earth to man as a "divine trust" and that it is a person's duty and mission, as God's agent, to strive to realize God's will.
The Muslim's divinely mandated vocation is communal as well as individual. The Islamic community or state ummah is the dynamic vehicle for the realization of God's will and, as such, should serve as an example to the rest of the world since all humanity is called to worship and serve the one God.
Muslims look first to the Quran which contains God's commands and second to the example sunna of the prophet Muhammad who serves as the embodiment of Islamic values, as a living model for the community.
Traditions or reports Hadith of the prophet's words and deeds were preserved and written down by the early Muslim community. On the basis of these two sources, the Islamic way of life was developed and expressed comprehensively in the Shariah—Islamic Law.
Shariah literally means "the path," the road or way that all Muslims are to follow. Muslim law reflects the fact that Islam is a total way of life in which there is an organic relationship between religion, politics, and society.
Islam emphasizes practice over belief. As a result, law, not theology, has always been the most important area of concern to Muslims, for it provides the "straight path" Shariah which the Muslim must follow to realize God's Will.
At the heart of the law are five fundamental obligations or duties which constitute the five pillars of Islam: A Muslim is one who confesses that there is no God but God and that Muhammad is the messenger of God. Islam affirms a radical monotheism in which the doctrine of the oneness of God is dominant.
God is the creator, ruler, and judge of the world.
He is merciful and compassionate, but He is also a just judge. The second part of the confession of faith is the affirmation of Muhammad as the messenger of God, the last and final prophet, who serves as a model for the Muslim community.
Though he is the ideal Muslim as Husband, father, leader, and judge, he was human, not divine. Muslims are called to prayer five times each day dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and evening by the muezzin who stands atop the tower minaret of the mosque.
This prayer is preceded by ablution, a cleansing of the body which purifies and thus prepares the Muslim for entering the presence of God. Facing the holy city of Mecca, Muslims worship by standing, kneeling, and prostrating while reciting verses from the Quran. On Friday, the noon prayer should be said preferably at a mosque with a congregation.
At other times, any place where a Muslim prays is acceptable; a mosque is not a consecrated building but rather a place of gathering. Since there are no priesthood and no sacraments in Islam, any Muslim may lead the prayer and may officiate at weddings, burials, etc.
Though there is no clergy, a clerical class did develop consisting of religious scholars ulama and local religious leaders mullahs. It requires the more fortunate members of the Islamic community to share their wealth with the less fortunate.
Once every year, Islam prescribes a rigorous fast throughout the month of Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. During this period, abstention from food, drink, and sex from sunrise to sunset is required of all healthy adult Muslims.
The emphasis is not on self-mortification and abstinence, as such, but rather on self-discipline and reflection. The end of Ramadan is marked by a feast of the breaking of the fast Id al-Fitr. Just as five times each day Muslims throughout the world are united as they face Mecca in worship, so each year many travel physically to Mecca, sacred city of Islam, where they have traveled spiritually.This testament is a foundation for all other beliefs and practices in Islam.
Muslims must repeat the shahadah in prayer, and non-Muslims wishing to convert to Islam are required to recite the creed. Origin of Islam: According to Islam The origin of Islam is generally accredited to the prophet Muhammad but to the devout Muslim, Islam began long before Muhammad ever walked the earth.
The Qur'an was dictated by Muhammad but, according to the Qur'an, it did not originate with Muhammad. by John L.
Esposito This essay first appeared in Handbook for Interreligious Dialogue, edited by John Borelli, and prepared by the members of the Faiths in the World Committee, National Association of Diocesan Ecumenical Officers (NADEO), Morristown, NJ: Silver Burdett & Ginn, NADEO has given permission for this edited version to appear here.
John Esposito, [Ph.D., Temple University] is. The spread, origins and beliefs of the religion of Islam are covered in this helpful chapter.
Our instructors outline the birth of Islam, as well as the five pillars of the Islamic faith. The pre-Islamic origin of "Allah" There is absolutely no question that Allah was worshipped by the pagan Arabs as one of many polytheistic gods. Islamic Beliefs About Creation In Islamic doctrine, the universe is the result of the direct work of Allah.
Because Islam teaches that the Bible is corrupt, it adopts some of Genesis’ teachings on the creation of the universe and humanity, but not all of it.