In the s, anti-slavery forces in the United States developed a free soil strategy of containment, without using the word, to stop the expansion of slavery until it later collapsed. Historian James Oakes explains the strategy:
The Naxals are considered far-left radical communists, supportive of Maoist political sentiment and ideology. Naxalism is growing in the undeveloped areas because of extreme poverty, unemployment and the collapse of the state structure.
This area is also the tribal belt where the tension between economic development and aboriginal land rights is most apparent. Though all Naxal groups are bound by a common ideology they tend to act and react in different ways and affect a diverse kind of population which lead to varied opinions.
On July 5,the Supreme Court of India declared the militia as illegal and unconstitutional. Naxals believe that power flows from the barrel of a gun, and their aim is to create a classless society. Brief History of Naxalism in India: The term Naxalism was first coined in Communist party- ideology Communist party of India under the influence of Mao tsetung Ina peasant movement took place in Telangana These ideological differences led to the split of the party inand the Communist Party of India Marxist also known as CPM was formed.
Comrade Charu Majumdar launched the Naxalbari uprising against the local landlord. Birth and Growth of Naxalism: CPM which advocated parliamentary politics did not support the rebellion.
Rebellion also benefited from the ongoing drought in India which affected peasants. By the movement was literally dead, due to efforts by the Indira Gandhi Government which used Patriotic sentiment to win over support of the general public.
In early s, a Naxalite group in Andhra Pradesh state started operations against state police in adivasi areas. Slowly operations extended into the neighboring states such as Madhya Pradesh.
At the same time another Naxalite group carried out operation against state police in Bihar state. Two groups later joined together to form the Communist Party. For the past 10 years, it has grown mostly from displaced tribals and natives who are fighting against exploitation from major Indian corporations and local corrupt officials.
The Chinese government has been found to have provided sanctuary to leaders of the movement, and the Pakistani ISI to have provided financial support. The members of the Naxal movement initially try to infiltrate and develop their bases in underdeveloped areas where there exist some sort of an administrative vacuum.
While taking advantage of the feeling of neglect among the people, the Naxalites start educating them about their exploitation by the Indian state and how to bring an end to such exploitation through an armed struggle.
Truth to be told, there has been a gross misunderstanding between both the parties. The State has failed to take into account the aspirations and rights of tribals.
Their needs, their livelihood, are also important if we wish to march forward towards a sustainable model of development. A fully armed solution is not the way out, and the recent changes in policies like the IAP have been steps in the right direction.
While gaining the trust of all the involved parties is imperative, it is essential that the State does not come across as being soft on law-breakers.
Causes of the Threat: The causes of the Maoist movement in India are Economic, political and cultural dimensions which are closely linked.The Naxalite–Maoist insurgency is an ongoing conflict between Maoist groups known as Naxalites or Naxals and the Indian monstermanfilm.com conflict in its present form began after the formation of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) (CPI-Maoists), a rebel group composed of the People's War Group (PWG) and the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC).
In January , talks between the Andhra Pradesh.
We will write a custom sample essay on Naxalism specifically for you for only $ $/page. Order now The Naxal Management Division of the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) describes the (4) objectives of Naxalites as destroying “the State legitimacy, and to create a mass base, with certain degree of acceptability, with the ultimate.
The Naxalite–Maoist insurgency is an ongoing conflict between Maoist groups known as Naxalites or Naxals and the Indian monstermanfilm.com conflict in its present form began after the formation of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) (CPI-Maoists), a rebel group composed of the People's War Group (PWG) and the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC).
In January , talks between the Andhra Pradesh. HISTORY OPTIONAL AND GS Strategy: Vivek Chauhan Rank – , CSE – Read Vivek’s Inspirational Journey HERE Hello friends, I am short of words to thank you all for your overwhelming response, love, support and praise that you have shown me in .
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