An analysis of the problem of drinking and driving in united states of america

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An analysis of the problem of drinking and driving in united states of america

Harm Caused by Drunk Driving Drunk driving harms individuals and communities in many ways. Drivers, passengers, and pedestrians are killed and injured. Injured persons, their families, and their employers suffer financial losses when an injured person cannot work.

Vehicles are damaged and destroyed. Other property, such as trees, utility poles, highway signs, and buildings, are damaged and destroyed.

Motor vehicle insurance rates rise. Traffic flow is impeded by crashed vehicles. Other drivers, fearing for their safety, may avoid driving at certain times. Police resources are consumed enforcing drunk driving laws, thereby reducing the resources that are available for other public safety problems.

Police, fire, emergency medical, and hospital resources are consumed treating the victims of drunk driving crashes. Court and jail resources are consumed prosecuting and incarcerating drunk drivers. Drunk Drivers One of the reasons drunk driving is of such concern to police is that it is an offense committed by a broad spectrum of the population, including those who are otherwise generally law-abiding.

An estimated one-fifth to one-fourth of U. On weekend evenings the number of drunk drivers rises significantly: Considering the high traffic volume during this period, it is clear that there are a lot of impaired drivers, especially compared to the limited law enforcement resources that are available to investigate suspected incidents of drunk driving.

Although the general public and the police are perhaps most concerned about wholly innocent persons who are killed in alcohol-related crashes, it is in fact the drunk driver or his passenger who is most likely to be killed.

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Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Alcohol is a primary factor in a large number of fatal traffic accidents. In fact, the number of U. Milford Ohio Community Fire Department Repeat Offenders By most estimates, although repeat drunk drivers comprise a relatively small proportion of the total population of drivers, they are disproportionately responsible for alcohol-related crashes and other problems associated with drunk driving.

Blood Alcohol Levels Perception and motor skills are impaired by a blood alcohol concentration of as low as.

Low blood alcohol concentrations of obviously impaired drivers are often due to the presence of substances other than alcohol.

Drinking Locations A relatively high percentage of drunk driversperhaps one-third to one-halfconsume their alcohol in a licensed establishment such as a bar or restaurant. Cultural and Economic Factors Drunk driving is very much the result of a cultural norm that emphasizes drinking alcohol as a form of entertainment and driving as both transportation and entertainment.

For example, drunk driving will be more concentrated on weekend nights in countries where such nights are considered prime time for heavy drinking. The extent of drunk driving also depends, obviously, on the availability of vehicles, so it is less likely in societies and communities where vehicles are prohibitively expensive.

An analysis of the problem of drinking and driving in united states of america

Low Risk of Apprehension Perhaps the single most significant factor in explaining why people drive while impaired is that they believe that there is little risk that they will be caught by policeand statistically, they are correct.

By some estimates, the average drunk driver will drive while impaired between 80 and times for every time he is apprehended, depending on the enforcement capacity of the local police.

An analysis of the problem of drinking and driving in united states of america

There are several reasons this is so. At least in the United States, police must ordinarily reasonably suspect a driver is impaired or has committed some other traffic violation in order to stop and detain the driver, and some drunk drivers are able to operate a vehicle without displaying obvious indicators of intoxication such as weaving or crossing the center line of the road.

There are far fewer police officers on duty at any one time than the public commonly imagines. There are many competing priorities for police attention, particularly at times when drunk driving is at its peak. Processing a drunk driving arrest is time-consuming, typically taking two to four hours.

The low probability that they will be stopped or arrested by the police on any particular trip undoubtedly leads many drivers to conclude that they can drink and drive without getting caught.Drinking too much can harm your health.

Excessive alcohol use led to approximately 88, deaths and million years of potential life lost (YPLL) each year in the United States from – , shortening the lives of those who died by an average of 30 years.

1,2 Further, excessive drinking. The Troubles With Drinking And Driving - This is the way the State tries to prevent fatal accidents from happening. The penalties now need to be stricter because if the laws were better, there would not be so many accidents involving drunk drivers.

Drunk driving is a serious problem in the US, where excessive alcohol is estimated to be a factor in some 40 per cent of all traffic fatalities. Jan 17,  · Drug overdoses are driving up the death rate of young white adults in the United States to levels not seen since the end of the AIDS epidemic more than two decades ago — .

Press Release Location Release Date ; Thanksgiving Travel Advisory: Drive Safely and Make It to the Table Buckle up, drive sober, and pay attention. Every day, 29 people in the United States die in motor vehicle crashes that involve an alcohol-impaired driver. 1 This is one death every 50 minutes.

1 The annual cost of alcohol-related crashes totals more than $44 billion. 2 Thankfully, there are effective measures that can help prevent injuries and deaths from alcohol-impaired driving.

CDC - Fact Sheets-Alcohol Use And Health - Alcohol