Juan Enrique Mezzich, M. Jones, Nancy Sydnor-Greenberg, M.
The utility and credibility of DSM-IV requ ire that it fOCllS on its clinical, research, and educational purposes and be supported by an extensive empirical foundation.
Our highest priority has been to provide a helpful guide to clinical practice.
We hoped 10 make DSM-IV practical and useful fo r clinicians by striving fo r brev ity of criteria sets, clarity of language, and explicit statements of the constructs embodied in Ule diagnostic criteria. An additional goal was to facilitate research and improve communication among clinicians and researchers.
We were also mindfu l of the usc of DSM-IV for improving the coUeetian of clinical information and as an educational tool for teaching psychopathology.
DSM-IV is used by clinicians and researchers of many different orientations e. It is used by psychiatrists, other physicians, psychologists, social workers, nurses, occupational and rehabilitation therapists, counselors, and other h ealth and mental health professionals.
OSM-JV must be usable across settings- inpatient, outpatient, partial hospital, con sultation-liaison, clinic, private practice, and primary care, and w ith community popu lations. It is also a necessary tool for collecting and commwucating accurate public health s tatistics.
Fortunately, all these many llses are compatible with one another. This organiza tion was designed to increase participation by experts in each of the respective field s.
We took a number of precautions to ens ure that the Work Group recommendations would reflect the breadth of available evidence and opinion and not jus t the v iews of the specific members.
After extensive consu Itations wi th experts and c1ihicians in each fie ldwe selected ''''ark Group members who represented a wide range of perspectives and experiences.
Work Group members w ere instructed that they were to participate as consens us scholars and not as advocates of previously held views. Furthermore, we established a formal evidence-based process for the Work Groups to foll ow. Each of the 13 Work Groups was composed of 5 or more members whose reviews were critiqued by between SO and advisers, who were also dlOsen to represent diverse clinical and research expertise, disciplines, backgrounds, and settings.
The involvement of many international experts ensured that DSM-rv had available the wides t pool of information and would be applicable across cu ltures. Conferences and workshops were held to provide conceptual and methodological guidance for the DSM-IV effort.
Also held were m ethods conferences tha i focused on cultural fa ctors in the diagnosis of mental disorder, on geriatric diagnosis, and on psychiatric diag- nosis in prima ry care settings.
To maintain open and extensive lines of commwuca tion, the Task Force on DSM-rV established a liaison w ith many other components within the American Psychiatric Association and with morc than 60 organizations and associations interested in the d evelopment of DSM-IV e.
Two years before the publication of DSr This volume presented a comprehensive summary of the alterna tive proposa ls that were being considered for inclusion in DSM- IV in order to solicit opinion and additional data for our d eliberations.
We received extensive correspondence fro m in terested individuals w ho shared with us additional data and recommendations on the potential impact of the p ossible changes in DSM-JV on their clinical practice, teaching, research, and administrative work.
This breadth of d iscussion helped us to anticipate problems and to attempt to find the best solution among the various options. One year before the publication of DSM-IV, a n ear-final draft of the proposed criteria sets was d istributed to allow for one last critique.
The many nomenclatures that have been developed during the past two millermia have diffe red in their rela tive emphasis on phenomenology, etiology, and course as d efining features.
Some systems have included only a handful of diagnostic categories; others have included thousands. Because the history of classification is too extensive to be summarized l xxix Introduction fourth volume contains reports of the data reanalyses, reports of the field trials, and a final executive swnmary of the rationale fo r the decisions made by each Work Group.
In addi tion, many papers were s timulated by the efforts toward empirical documentation in DSM-IV, and these have been published in peer-reviewed journals. ICD-IO consists of an official coding system and o ther rela ted clinica l and research d ocuments and instruments.diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders fourth editiondsm-iv chuweu& moring \ iraaryuui \ 9 rec.
Manufactured in the United States of America on acid-free paper.
a OSM· IV diagnosis d oes not carry any necessary implication regarding the individual's d egree of control over the behaviors that may be associated with the disord er.
depressive di sorder, mixed anxiety-depressive disorder, factitious disorder by proxy, dissociative. Underage college students' drinking behavior, access to alcohol, and the influence of deterrence policies: Finding from the Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study. Journal of American College Health, 50, Demographic Characteristic s and Item 34b Regarding Teacher Influence in Promoting Healthy Eating Behaviors in Students Table department is greater than any other school district of its size in the United States.
in providing nutrition education to elementary school students. Factor analysis of the 28 survey statements.
Manufactured in the United States of America on acid-free paper. American Psychiatric Association binge-eating disorder. minor depressive disorder.
and Somatoform Disorders). () S/N~ify if: Wi th Perceptual Disturbances DSM-IV-TR Classifica tion CAFFEINE-RELATED DISORDERS () Caffeine-Induced Disorders () 5/5(8). STI-protective self-efficacy and binge drinking in a sample of university students in the United Kingdom.
A moderated mediation analysis revealed that for binge drinkers, stronger appraisals of the positive consequences for having sexual intercourse while intoxicated predicted lower STI-protective self-efficacy indirectly through increasing Author: Henry Lee Johnson, Ian P.
Albery, Daniel Frings, Antony C. Moss.