Persistent white spots or unusual lesions on your tongue or in your mouth Persistent, unexplained fatigue Skin rashes or bumps When to see a doctor If you think you may have been infected with HIV or are at risk of contracting the virus, see a health care provider as soon as possible. It can spread through sexual contact or blood, or from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth or breast-feeding. HIV destroys CD4 T cells — white blood cells that play a large role in helping your body fight disease. The fewer CD4 T cells you have, the weaker your immune system becomes.
Mental symptoms such as confusion and forgetfulness Nausea, abdominal cramps and vomiting Seizures and lack of coordination Severe, persistent diarrhea Vision loss Weight loss Many opportunistic infections associated with AIDS cause serious illness.
Some may be prevented. Below is a list of infections and how they affect the body.
Brain Cryptoccoccal Menigitis — This is a yeast-like fungus infection that usually involves the brain and lungs, although it can affect almost any organ. The fungus that causes this condition is found in soil throughout the world.
It is most common in soil contaminated by bird droppings. HIV-related Encephalopathy — Encephalopathy is a term for diseases that alter brain function or structure, leading to problems with cognitive function, or mental processes, and memory. Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy PML — Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy is a rare disorder of the nervous system caused by a common human polyomavirus, JC virus.
It leads to the destruction of the myelin sheath that covers nerve cells. The myelin sheath is the fatty covering that acts as an insulator on nerve fibers in the brain.
Symptoms include mental deterioration, vision loss, speech disturbances, inability to coordinate movements, paralysis and ultimately coma. In rare cases, seizures may occur. Toxoplasmosis — This condition occurs when a parasite infects the brain.
Symptoms include confusion or delusional behavior, severe headaches, fever, seizures and coma. It can affect the eye, causing eye pain and reduced vision. Other common symptoms include chronic diarrhea and nerve problems. Gastrointestinal Tract Cryptosporidiosis — This is a parasite that can cause chronic diarrhea.
Other symptoms include stomach cramps, nausea, fatigue, weight loss, appetite loss, vomiting and dehydration.
This infection is difficult to treat and there is no definitive effective treatment. Symptom control and treatment of HIV are necessary.
Cytomegalovirus — Although this virus can affect the entire body, it commonly occurs in the stomach, causing fever, diarrhea and stomach pain.
Mycobacterium Avium Complex — This is a bacterial infection that can cause persistent fever, night sweats, fatigue, weight loss, anemia, abdominal pain, dizziness, diarrhea and weakness.Types, Causes and Treatment. Let’s take an in-depth look at the three types of hearing loss: Symptoms of Meniere’s disease are hearing loss, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), and vertigo.
Ménière’s disease may be treated medically with a low-sodium diet, diuretics, and corticosteroids. may be managed with hearing aids. The symptoms of HIV infection, which causes AIDS, are the result of HIV attacking the cells of the body's immune system.
Early in the disease, many people with HIV infection have no symptoms. Some people may experience flu-like symptoms that occur about four to eight weeks after infection. HIV/AIDS - an easy to understand guide covering causes, diagnosis, symptoms, treatment and prevention plus additional in depth medical information.
HIV, AIDS Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention. While million Americans currently live with HIV/AIDS, the incurable virus is no longer a quick death sentence and has become a chronic, manageable.
AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a syndrome caused by a virus called HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). The disease alters the immune system, making people much more vulnerable to.
HIV is a lifelong condition, and without treatment, a person with HIV can develop AIDS, which makes the immune system too weak to fight off disease and infection. Learn all about HIV and AIDS, including symptoms, diagnosis, .